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My HelloWorld script for Maven

2009/06/15

I’m still in the learning phase of using Maven, so bare with me. Here is my script to create an executable HelloWorld-jar file using Maven (it requires the file sample-pom.xml listed after the script):

#!/bin/bash
#
# Description: Create a simple Java project using Maven.
#
# Status: Works
#
# Author: draptik
#
# Created: Mon Jun 15 21:17:24 2009
#
# REQUIREMENTS
# ============
#
# 1. Maven
#
# 2. This script requires the file "sample-pom.xml"!!!
#
# 3. The "sample-pom.xml" file should be located in the same folder as
# this script.
#
# USAGE
# =====
#
# 1. Copy this script and "sample-pom.xml" to a newly created test
# folder (ie ~/tmp/maventesting/).
#
# 2. Run this script
#
# DETAILS
# =======
#
# This script creates a "quickstart" Maven project, then overwrites
# the created pom.xml with something more sensible (including some
# useful Maven plugins), and runs "java -jar <your-program>.jar".

## User settings
companyName="org.foo"
appName="my-app"

## Static file
samplePom="sample-pom.xml"
pdinfo="[PDINFO] "

## Delete old builds
echo "$pdinfo" "====== REMOVING PREVIOUS BUILDS ====================="
echo "$pdinfo" "rm -rf \"$appName\""
rm -rf "$appName"

## Create Maven skeleton
##
## NOTE: You can exchange the first 2 lines with:
##
## mvn archetype:create \
##         -DarchetypeGroupId=org.apache.maven.archetypes \
##
## This will result in a warning that "archetype:create" is
## deprecated. The warning states that you should use
## "archetype:generate". This archetype is interactive by default. To
## skip the interactive part and choose the default (="quickstart")
## you have to pass the option "-Dinteractive=false" to Maven.
echo "$pdinfo" "====== MAVEN CREATION ================================"
echo "$pdinfo" ""
mvn archetype:generate \
	-DinteractiveMode=false \
	-DarchetypeGroupId=org.apache.maven.archetypes \
	-DgroupId="$companyName" \
	-DartifactId="$appName"

## Show the diff between generated pom.xml and sample-pom.xml
echo "$pdinfo" "====== DIFF BETWEEN GENERATED AND MY POM.XML ========"
echo "$pdinfo" "diff -u \"$appName\"/pom.xml \"$samplePom\" "
diff -u "$appName"/pom.xml "$samplePom" 

## Overwrite generated pom.xml
echo "$pdinfo" "====== OVERWRITING GENERATED POM.XML ================"
echo "$pdinfo" "cp  \"$samplePom\" \"$appName\"/pom.xml"
cp  "$samplePom" "$appName"/pom.xml

## Move to newly created project
cd "$appName"

## Make an executable jar file
echo "$pdinfo" "====== MAKING THE FINAL JAR FILE ===================="
echo "$pdinfo" "mvn package"
mvn package

## Move to target folder
cd target

## Run the Hello-World example
echo "$pdinfo" "====== TESTING THE JAR FILE =========================="
echo "$pdinfo" "java -jar $appName-1.0-SNAPSHOT.jar..."
echo "$pdinfo" "If the next line does not read \"Hello World!\", something is wrong"
java -jar "$appName"-1.0-SNAPSHOT.jar

Here is the file sample-pom.xml:

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
  xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd">
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  <groupId>org.foo</groupId>
  <artifactId>my-app</artifactId>
  <packaging>jar</packaging>
  <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
  <name>my-app</name>
  <url>http://maven.apache.org</url>
  <build>
<plugins>
  <plugin>
    <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
    <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
  </plugin>
  <plugin>
    <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
    <artifactId>maven-eclipse-plugin</artifactId>
  </plugin>
  <plugin>
    <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
    <artifactId>maven-jar-plugin</artifactId>
    <configuration>
      <archive>
        <manifest>
          <addClasspath>true</addClasspath>
          <mainClass>org.foo.App</mainClass>
        </manifest>
      </archive>
    </configuration>
  </plugin>
  <plugin>
    <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
    <artifactId>maven-surefire-plugin</artifactId>
  </plugin>
</plugins>
</build>
  <dependencies>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>junit</groupId>
      <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
      <version>3.8.1</version>
      <scope>test</scope>
    </dependency>
  </dependencies>
</project>
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  1. 2009/06/16 at 14:14

    What would be the advantage of Maven over Ant?

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